Understanding the elements of your roof isn’t complicated, but it is an important part of being a homeowner. Keep a better eye on any potential roofing repairs by learning these basic roofing terms:

  • Underlayment

    This element is the bottom layer of your roof and is critical in protecting your home.  Without this layer, your shingles can’t do their job correctly. The synthetic underlayment is water resistant and helps to protect the attic from water damage, mold growth and rotting deck boards.

  • Flashing

    Flashing refers to metal pieces that protect roof joints and valleys from water collection or seepage. Damaged flashing appears as dented, deteriorated or loose metal and is easily repaired.

  • Shingles

    Shingles are the top layer of the roof and are the first line of defense against the elements. Roofs in Oklahoma are typically made of asphalt shingles that come in different weights and thicknesses depending on your needs and budget.

  • Valley

    A valley is created by the downward slope of meeting roof sections and helps funnel water from the shingles.

  • Hip

    The hip is an upward angle formed by two adjoining roof sections.

  • Starter strip

    This strip of asphalt roofing adheres to the eaves and provides additional coverage beneath the bottom row of shingles.

  • Drip edge

    Edging that is attached to the border of the roof and lets water fall away from the home.

Maintaining a basic knowledge of these terms will serve you in the long run and help keep your roof in tip-top shape.